Zurich London Agreements 1959

By 19 octubre, 2021Sin categoría

At the end of a conference in Zurich on 11 February 1959, an agreement was reached between Greece and Turkey on a settlement plan. On 19 February, following a conference in London attended by representatives of Greece, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the two Cypriot communities, an agreement was signed to settle the Cyprus dispute once and for all. VI. Statement by the representative of the Greek Cypriot community of 19 February 1959, Archbishop Makarios, representing the Greek Cypriot community, after examining the documents approved by the Heads of Government of Greece and Turkey in Zurich on 11 February 1959 and the declarations of 17 February by the Government of the United Kingdom and the Foreign Ministers of Greece and Turkey, In 1959, he declared that he accepted the documents and the agreed basis for the final solution of the Cyprus problem. The London and Zurich Accords (Greek: Συμφωνίες Ζυρίχης-Λονδίνου; Turkish: Zürih ve Londra Antlaşmaları) for the Constitution of Cyprus began with an agreement on 19 February 1959 at Lancaster House, London, between Turkey, Greece, the United Kingdom and the leaders of the Cypriot community (Archbishop Makarios III for the Greek Cypriots and Dr Fazıl Küçük for the Turkish Cypriots). On this basis, a constitution was drafted and agreed with two other treaties of alliance and guarantee on 11 February 1959 in Zurich. With regard to NATO`s commitments, you state in your message that the essence of NATO requires that the allies make a non-war and that a Turkish intervention in Cyprus would lead to a military engagement between Greek and Turkish forces. I fully agree with the first part of your statement, but the commitment of NATO allies to respect the international agreements between them, as well as their mutual contractual rights and obligations, is an equally important condition of the Alliance. An alliance between states that ignore their mutual contractual obligations is unthinkable. With regard to the concern you have about the outbreak of a Turkish-Greek war in the event of Turkish intervention in Cyprus in accordance with its rights and obligations set out in international agreements, I would like to stress that Turkey would conduct a military operation in Cyprus exclusively under the conditions set out in the agreements and for the purposes set out in the agreements.

Therefore, a Turkish-Greek war, which was rightly described as literally unthinkable by the Honourable Dean Rusk, could only take place in the event of Greek aggression against Turkey. We believe that, in the event of such an intervention, we call for effective cooperation with a view to restoring constitutional order in Cyprus, both in Greece and in the United Kingdom, in its capacity as guarantor powers. If, despite this invitation and its contractual obligations, Greece attacked Turkey, we would in no way be responsible for the consequences of such an action. I hope that you have already made the Greek Government seriously aware of these issues. The part of your message that expresses doubts about the commitment of NATO allies in the event that it becomes directly involved in the USSR as a result of an action initiated in Cyprus gives me the impression that there are great differences of opinion between us on the nature and basic principles of the North Atlantic Alliance. .